India's First Wine, Food and Hospitality Website, INDIAN WINE ACADEMY, Specialists in Food & Wine Programmes. Food Importers in Ten Cities Across India. Publishers of delWine, India’s First Wine.
Skip Navigation Links
About Us
Indian Market
Wine & Health
Wine Events
Retail News
Contact Us
Skip Navigation Links
Wine Tourism
Book Review
Photo Gallery
Readers' Comments
Video Wall
Media Partners
Ask Wineguyindia
Wine & Food
Wine Guru
Gerry Dawes
Harvest Reports
Mumbai Reports
Advertise With Us
US Report on Indian Market Released
Top Ten Importers List 2015-16
On Facebook
On Twitter
Delhi Wine Club
Study: Med Diet and Wine reduce Risk of Heart Events

Posted: Monday, 04 March 2013 17:57

Study: Med Diet and Wine reduce Risk of Heart Events

Mar 04: Based on one of the world's largest and longest dietary trials, a Spanish study published online last Monday in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts may reduce the incidence of heart attacks, stroke or cardiovascular death by 30% for people with high risk.

A traditional Mediterranean diet has high intakes of olive oil, fruit, nuts, vegetables, beans and cereals, moderate intakes of fish and chicken, low intakes of red and processed meats, dairy foods and sweets. They also drink wine in moderation, and only with meals-generally a glass a day is acceptable with food, preferably red wine.

Researchers working on PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterranea) trials the results of which were discussed at a nutrition conference in California last week, were conducted on over 7400 participants with high cardiovascular risk. They were asked to follow one of three diets - a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts; the control group was given a standard low-fat diet for five years, starting in October 2003.

None of the volunteers, 43% of whom were men (55- 80) and 57% were women (60-80), had any previous cardiovascular disease when they enrolled in the program but all had high cardiovascular risks, either in the form of type 2 diabetes or at least three from a list of well-known major risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, obesity and family history of heart disease.

During the five years of follow-up, 288 participants reportedly, had a cardiovascular event. Statistical analysis showed that compared with the control group following the low-fat diet, participants on the Mediterranean diet with extra-virgin olive oil were 30% less likely to experience a cardiovascular event, and those on the Mediterranean diet with nuts were 28% less likely to experience heart attack, stroke or cardiovascular death.

Participants were not given rigid menus or calorie goals since weight loss was not the aim. That could be why they found the prescribed diets easy to follow; only about 7% dropped out within two years while there were twice as many dropouts in the low-fat group than among those eating the Mediterranean-style diet.

Ramon Estruch, of the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona and general coordinator for PREDIMED, says that  the results of the trial are of utmost importance because they convincingly demonstrate that a high vegetable fat dietary pattern is superior to a low-fat diet for cardiovascular prevention."

Miguel Angel Martinez-Gonzalez of the Universidad de Navarra in Pamplona, another member of the study, agrees. He adds that people wanting to move toward such a diet should start with small changes, such as not eating meat on two days a week, shift to using olive oil for cooking, and replacing hard alcohol with red wine, and drinking it only with meals.

Mediterranean diet has long been considered heart-healthy, but based on observational studies only. The new research is more meaningful because the participants were assigned diets to be followed for a long time and carefully monitored. Doctors even conducted tests in the lab to verify that the subjects were consuming more olive oil or nuts as recommended.

Tags: olive oil, PREDIMED


Want to Comment ?
Please enter your comments in the space provided below. If there is a problem, please write directly to Thank you.

Generate a new image

Type letters from the image:

Please note that it may take some time to get your comment published...Editor

Wine In India, Indian Wine, International Wine, Asian Wine Academy, Beer, Champagne, World Wine Academy, World Wine, World Wines, Retail, Hotel


Copyright©indianwineacademy, 2003-2020 |All Rights Reserved
Developed & Designed by Sadilak SoftNet